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When Should Punctuation Be Outside Of Quotation Marks

When to use punctuation inside quotation marks Before we get too complicated, it might help to briefly review what quotation marks are. We have an awesome guide to quotation marks if you need an in-detail refresher. Quotation marks are punctuation marks used to indicate the beginning and end of a direct quote within a block of text. They can be used as a double quotation mark to enclose a full quotation or a single quotation mark to enclose quotations within quotations.

Punctuation Inside or Outside Quotations? In the US, commas and periods always go inside the quotation marks. In the UK, the tendency is to place them outside, unless they appear in the original quotation, in which case they go inside. This table summarizes how the main punctuation marks are used with quotations: The quotation marks symbol is a type of punctuation used for setting words and passages apart from the rest of the text. Quotation marks, or "quotes" for short, look just like commas, except quotation marks are at the top of a line instead of at the bottom.

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In American English, we use punctuation marks such as periods and commas to signal that a quote is finished. That's why periods always go inside quotation marks. When the sentence ends with a quote, finish both the quote and the sentence with a period (no extra punctuation needed). Anne called the boys " mean and nasty ."

In instances where punctuation would change the meaning of the quotation—that is, when the punctuation, such as a question mark or exclamation point, does not belong to the quotation—it should be placed outside of the quotation marks. Example: He asked, "Is it okay if I'm a couple of minutes late to class today?"

You do not need to use any punctuation before a quotation if it forms part of your own sentence. Example: Dennis cries that he is "being repressed!". Use a comma when introducing a quote with a phrase such as 'he said.'. Example: The old man protests, "I don't want to go on the cart.". Place parenthetical citations outside the end.

Place any punctuation which does not belong to the quote outside the quotation marks (except closing punctuation if the end of the quote is also the end of the sentence).

You can use single inverted commas ' ' or double quotation marks " " to punctuate the quotation. Just make sure you stick to the same punctuation mark and don't swap between the two. These.

4 Depends on the context. Imagine the sentence doesn't have quotes: According to Fred, astrophysics is a rapidly growing field. You can substitute "Fred" for anything, including some title. Note that the comma would be where it is, regardless of what you substitute for the word Fred.

When using direct quotes, you must properly punctuate them in accordance with where you have placed them in your own written text. Placement of the comma is often particularly confusing since you might wonder if the comma goes before the quotation mark, after the quotation mark, inside the quotation mark, or on the outside.

In American English, periods always go inside quotation marks. The same is true for commas. However, not all other punctuation marks go inside quotation marks. Dashes, colons, and semicolons always go outside quotation marks (unless they're part of what's being quoted) and exclamation and question marks sometimes go outside, sometimes go.

Punctuation in a Quote: Other Marks. 1) Use commas to set off expressions such as he said and she replied in quoted dialogue. If the attribution appears within a statement, punctuate it with commas. If the attribution follows a complete statement, conclude the verb of speaking with a period. Quotations are concluded with a period as well.

Punctuation before opening quotation marks Place a comma after words introducing short quotations. A wise rabbi once said, "Good deeds are better than wise sayings." Jennifer asked, "Would you like to have dinner with me?"

Material that was already a quotation in the source document or speech should be enclosed in single quotation marks when run into text and in double quotation marks within block quotations. The same rules of punctuation apply (see 8.03 Punctuation and grammar in run-in quotations): Run-in

In informal writing, feet and inches are sometimes expressed as, for example, 5′ 10″ (read: five feet and ten inches). Technically, the mark designating feet is a prime; the mark designating inches is a double prime. These marks are available in most word processors, though many people simply use single and double quotation marks: 5' 10".

A comma or period that follows a closing double quotation mark hangs off by itself and creates a gap in the line of text (since the space over the comma or period combines with the following word space). British publishers tend to put the comma or period after the quotation mark. But the British usually use the narrower, single quotation mark.

Punctuation in Quotation Marks: Rules & Examples Lesson Transcript Author Tommi Waters View bio Instructor Charles Kinney, Jr. Learn how to use punctuation in quotes. Determine if a comma.

The MLA Handbook notes, "By convention, commas and periods that directly follow quotations go inside the closing quotation marks" (267). Thus, in the following sentence, the comma is placed after taught: "You've got to be carefully taught," wrote Oscar Hammerstein II. The rule is the same for a list of titles: Julio Cortázar wrote.

For example, "if the citation appears at the end of a sentence, put the end punctuation after the closing parenthesis for the citation" (APA, 2020, p. 271). If the quotation is 40 words or longer and will be formatted as a block quotation, place the period at the end of the quotation and before the citation (APA, 2020, p. 272). For example:

Format quotations of 40 words or more as block quotations: Do not use quotation marks to enclose a block quotation. Start a block quotation on a new line and indent the whole block 0.5 in. from the left margin. Double-space the entire block quotation. Do not add extra space before or after it.

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